This book is first of all designed as a text for the course usually called ´´theory of functions of a real variable´´. This course is at present cus tomarily offered as a first or second year graduate course in United States universities, although there are signs that this sort of analysis will soon penetrate upper division undergraduate curricula. We have included every topic that we think essential for the training of analysts, and we have also gone down a number of interesting bypaths. We hope too that the book will be useful as a reference for mature mathematicians and other scientific workers. Hence we have presented very general and complete versions of a number of important theorems and constructions. Since these sophisticated versions may be difficult for the beginner, we have given elementary avatars of all important theorems, with appro priate suggestions for skipping. We have given complete definitions, ex planations, and proofs throughout, so that the book should be usable for individual study as well as for a course text. Prerequisites for reading the book are the following. The reader is assumed to know elementary analysis as the subject is set forth, for example, in ToM M. APOSTOL´s Mathematical Analysis [Addison-Wesley Publ. Co., Reading, Mass., 1957], orWALTERRUDIN´s Principles of Mathe matical Analysis [2nd Ed., McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1964].
From the reviews: ´´Volume 1 covers a basic course in real analysis of one variable and Fourier series. It is well-illustrated, well-motivated and very well-provided with a multitude of unusually useful and accessible exercises. (...) There are three aspects of Courant and John in which it outshines (some) contemporaries: (i) the extensive historical references, (ii) the chapter on numerical methods, and (iii) the two chapters on physics and geometry. The exercises in Courant and John are put together purposefully, and either look numerically interesting, or are intuitively significant, or lead to applications. It is the best text known to the reviewer for anyone trying to make an analysis course less abstract. (...)´´ - The Mathematical Gazette (75.1991.471).
The philosophy of the book, which makes it quite distinct from many existing texts on the subject, is based on treating the concepts of measure and integration starting with the most general abstract setting and then introducing and studying the Lebesgue measure and integration on the real line as an important particular case. The book consists of nine chapters and appendix, with the material flowing from the basic set classes, through measures, outer measures and the general procedure of measure extension, through measurable functions and various types of convergence of sequences of such based on the idea of measure, to the fundamentals of the abstract Lebesgue integration, the basic limit theorems, and the comparison of the Lebesgue and Riemann integrals. Also, studied are Lp spaces, the basics of normed vector spaces, and signed measures. The novel approach based on the Lebesgue measure and integration theory is applied to develop a better understanding of differentiation and extend the classical total change formula linking differentiation with integration to a substantially wider class of functions. Being designed as a text to be used in a classroom, the book constantly calls for the student´s actively mastering the knowledge of the subject matter. There are problems at the end of each chapter, starting with Chapter 2 and totaling at 125. Many important statements are given as problems and frequently referred to in the main body. There are also 358 Exercises throughout the text, including Chapter 1 and the Appendix, which require of the student to prove or verify a statement or an example, fill in certain details in a proof, or provide an intermediate step or a counterexample. They are also an inherent part of the material. More difficult problems are marked with an asterisk, many problems and exercises are supplied with ``existential´´ hints. The book is generous on Examples and contains numerous Remarks accompanying definitions, examples, and statements to discuss certain subtleties, raise questions on whether the converse assertions are true, whenever appropriate, or whether the conditions are essential. With plenty of examples, problems, and exercises, this well-designed text is ideal for a one-semester Master´s level graduate course on real analysis with emphasis on the measure and integration theory for students majoring in mathematics, physics, computer science, and engineering. A concise but profound and detailed presentation of the basics of real analysis with emphasis on the measure and integration theory. Designed for a one-semester graduate course, with plethora of examples, problems, and exercises. Is of interest to students and instructors in mathematics, physics, computer science, and engineering. Prepares the students for more advanced courses in functional analysis and operator theory. ContentsPreliminariesBasic Set ClassesMeasuresExtension of MeasuresMeasurable FunctionsAbstract Lebesgue IntegralLp SpacesDifferentiation and IntegrationSigned MeasuresThe Axiom of Choice and Equivalents
This textbook is intended for a one semester course in complex analysis for upper level undergraduates in mathematics. Applications, primary motivations for this text, are presented hand-in-hand with theory enabling this text to serve well in courses for students in engineering or applied sciences. The overall aim in designing this text is to accommodate students of different mathematical backgrounds and to achieve a balance between presentations of rigorous mathematical proofs and applications. The text is adapted to enable maximum flexibility to instructors and to students who may also choose to progress through the material outside of coursework. Detailed examples may be covered in one course, giving the instructor the option to choose those that are best suited for discussion. Examples showcase a variety of problems with completely worked out solutions, assisting students in working through the exercises. The numerous exercises vary in difficulty from simple applications of formulas to more advanced project-type problems. Detailed hints accompany the more challenging problems. Multi-part exercises may be assigned to individual students, to groups as projects, or serve as further illustrations for the instructor. Widely used graphics clarify both concrete and abstract concepts, helping students visualize the proofs of many results. Freely accessible solutions to every-other-odd exercise are posted to the book´s Springer website. Additional solutions for instructors´ use may be obtained by contacting the authors directly.
The abstract concepts of metric ces are often perceived as difficult. This book offers a unique approach to the subject which gives readers the advantage of a new perspective familiar from the analysis of a real line. Rather than passing quickly from the definition of a metric to the more abstract concepts of convergence and continuity, the author takes the concrete notion of distance as far as possible, illustrating the text with examples and naturally arising questions. Attention to detail at this stage is designed to prepare the reader to understand the more abstract ideas with relative ease. The book goes on to provide a thorough exposition of all the standard necessary results of the theory and, in addition, includes selected topics not normally found in introductory books, such as: the Tietze Extension Theorem; the Hausdorff metric and its completeness; and the existence of curves of minimum length. Other features include: end-of-chapter summaries and numerous exercises to reinforce what has been learnt; extensive cross-referencing to help the reader follow arguments; a Cumulative Reference Chart, showing the dependencies throughout the book on a section-by-section basis as an aid to course design. The book is designed for third- and fourth-year undergraduates and beginning graduates. Readers should have some practical knowledge of differential and integral calculus and have completed a first course in real analysis. With its many examples, careful illustrations, and full solutions to selected exercises, this book provides a gentle introduction that is ideal for self-study and an excellent preparation for applications.
Handbook of Applied and Abstract Analysis:Volume I
Handbook of Applied and Abstract Analysis:Volume II
Analysis at Urbana: Volume 2, Analysis in Abstract Spaces:
A Linguistic Analysis of Biomedical Abstracts:Differences between Korean and American Speakers of English Benjamin Duncan