Massive compilation offers detailed, in-depth discussions of vector spaces, Hahn-Banach theorem, fixed-point theorems, duality theory, Krein-Milman theorem, theory of compact operators, much more. Many examples and exercises. 32-page bibliography. 1965 edition.
Dedicated to Tosio Kato´s 100th birthday, this book contains research and survey papers on a broad spectrum of methods, theories, and problems in mathematics and mathematical physics. Survey papers and in-depth technical papers emphasize linear and nonlinear analysis, operator theory, partial differential equations, and functional analysis including nonlinear evolution equations, the Korteweg-de Vries equation, the Navier-Stokes equation, and perturbation theory of linear operators. The Kato inequality, the Kato type matrix limit theorem, the Howland-Kato commutator problem, the Kato-class of potentials, and the Trotter-Kato product formulae are discussed and analyzed. Graduate students, research mathematicians, and applied scientists will find that this book provides comprehensive insight into the significance of Tosio Kato´s impact to research in analysis and operator theory.
2012 Reprint of Volumes One and Two, 1957-1961. Exact facsimile of the original edition, not reproduced with Optical Recognition Software. A. N. Kolmogorov was a Soviet mathematician, preeminent in the 20th century, who advanced various scientific fields, among them probability theory, topology, logic, turbulence, classical mechanics and computational complexity. Later in life Kolmogorov changed his research interests to the area of turbulence, where his publications beginning in 1941 had a significant influence on the field. In classical mechanics, he is best known for the Kolmogorov-Arnold-Moser theorem. In 1957 he solved a particular interpretation of Hilbert´s thirteenth problem (a joint work with his student V. I. Arnold). He was a founder of algorithmic complexity theory, often referred to as Kolmogorov complexity theory, which he began to develop around this time. Based on the authors´ courses and lectures, this two-part advanced-level text is now available in a single volume. Topics include metric and normed spaces, continuous curves in metric spaces, measure theory, Lebesque intervals, Hilbert space, and more. Each section contains exercises. Lists of symbols, definitions, and theorems.
Intended as a self-contained introduction to measure theory, this textbook also includes a comprehensive treatment of integration on locally compact Hausdorff spaces, the analytic and Borel subsets of Polish spaces, and Haar measures on locally compact groups. This second edition includes a chapter on measure-theoretic probability theory, plus brief treatments of the Banach-Tarski paradox, the Henstock-Kurzweil integral, the Daniell integral, and the existence of liftings. Measure Theory provides a solid background for study in both functional analysis and probability theory and is an excellent resource for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in mathematics. The prerequisites for this book are basic courses in point-set topology and in analysis, and the appendices present a thorough review of essential background material.
This book aims to develop enough of the basic machinery of ergodic theory to describe some of the recent applications of ergodic theory to number theory. Two specific goals are to avoid reliance on background in Lie theory, and to fully prove the material needed in measure theory which goes beyond the standard texts. This will be a rigorous introduction, developing the machinery of conditional measures and expectations, mixing, and recurrence. Applications include the ergodic proof of Szemeredi´s theorem and the connection between the continued fraction map and the modular surface.
This book develops the basic mathematical theory of the finite element method, the most widely used technique for engineering design and analysis. It formalizes basic tools that are commonly used by researchers in the field but not previously published. The book will be useful to mathematicians as well as engineers and physical scientists. It can be used for a course that provides an introduction to basic functional analysis, approximation theory, and numerical analysis, while building upon and applying basic techniques of real variable theory. Different course paths can be chosen, allowing the book to be used for courses designed for students with different interests. For example, courses can emphasize physical applications, or algorithmic efficiency and code development issues, or the more difficult convergence theorems of the subject. This new edition is substantially updated with additional exercises throughout and new chapters on Additive Schwarz Preconditioners and Adaptive Meshes. Review of earlier edition: This book represents an important contribution to the mathematical literature of finite elements. It is both a well-done text and a good reference. Mathematical Reviews, 1995
´´This book is the first volume of a two-volume textbook for undergraduates and is indeed the crystallization of a course offered by the author at the California Institute of Technology to undergraduates without any previous knowledge of number theory. For this reason, the book starts with the most elementary properties of the natural integers. Nevertheless, the text succeeds in presenting an enormous amount of material in little more than 300 pages.´´--MATHEMATICAL REVIEWS
This book, suitable for graduate students and professional mathematicians alike, didactically introduces methodologies due to Furstenberg and others for attacking problems in chromatic and density Ramsey theory via recurrence in topological dynamics and ergodic theory, respectively. Many standard results are proved, including the classical theorems of van der Waerden, Hindman, and Szemerédi. More importantly, the presentation strives to reflect the extent to which the field has been streamlined since breaking onto the scene around twenty years ago. Potential readers who were previously intrigued by the subject matter but found it daunting may want to give a second look.
Contents: Examples of Nonlinear Parabolic Equations in Physical, Biological and Engineering Problems.- Existence, Uniqueness and Continuous Dependence.- Dynamical Systems and Liapunov Stability.- Neighbourhood of an Equilibrium Point.- Invariant Manifolds Near an Equilibrium Point.- Linear Nonautonomous Equations.- Neighbourhood of a Periodic Solution.- Neighbourhood of an Invariant Manifold.